What follows is the publication of an exchange of email with a South Africa-based friend from Malawi whose interests cover all aspects of colonialism and colonially-imposed divisions, cultural alienation, and historical identity loss that the criminal colonial powers of France, England and America generated in Africa and worldwide.
———————- MY FRIEND’S FIRST EMAIL ————————
I can’t resist asking you these two questions:
It is true that Islam has its roots in Africa? Where is the Evidence (If Yes).
Who were the Ephraphites? I have noticed that the word is in the Jerusalem Bible but not in any other Bible. I know you are very conversant with the History of North Africa and the Middle East.
———————- MY FIRST RESPONSE ————————————
Hi my dear friend.
Thank you for your questions!
I. The distortion of Ancient Oriental History as carried out by ignorant religious leaders
I start with your second point; you heard probably a mistaken pronunciation or you read the name misspelled.
It is Ephrath, so the people who live there are Ephrathites. Read this: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ephrath
Every attempt to locate Ephrath outside Canaan is a distortion.
Bear in mind that «Ephrathite» is NOT a national name. It is an adjective formed out of a toponym: like ‘Berliner’ or ‘Parisian’ or ‘Muscovite’.
It is a most unimportant location in terms of Oriental History.
Anyone (as author) who focuses much on scarcely documented toponyms, instead of the main centers of the ancient world, like Nineveh, Assyria, Babylon, Thebes of Egypt, Heliopolis (Iwnw) and Memphis, Hattusas, Ugarit, Mari, Ebla, Kalhu, Persepolis, Byblus and Carthage, is most probably a forger.
In the cases of Ancient Mesopotamia and Egypt, you have hundreds of thousands of ancient texts that document all the details of those ancient civilizations.
The Ancient Hebrews and the Jews left few texts; the Bible is mostly unreliable and insignificant, and those who speak of it today, only misinterpret it for evil political reasons.
In any case, compared to the Assyrians, the Babylonians, the Hittites, the Egyptians and the Iranians, the Ancient Hebrews were a marginal, impotent and worthless state.
Focusing on them, instead of studying the other, sizeable and leading empires of the Ancient Orient and Africa is as if someone today ignores everything about Germany, China, the US, Russia, India, etc. and focuses too much on Singapore! That’s ridiculous!
II. Two points about Islam’s presence in Africa
No, Islam does not have its roots in Africa but in Arabia – Asia.
But it depends on what you mean by saying «Islam».
As per the Islamic viewpoint (which is mostly forgotten by most of today’s Muslims), Islam was not first preached by Prophet Muhammad but by Adam, Enoch, Noah and all the early prophets.
Islam means submission to or contact with God.
The epitome of Islam is the belief in One God (monotheism).
Now, if you mean that there were pre-Islamic monotheistic faiths and religions in Africa, then yes!
There was «Islam» in Africa long before Prophet Muhammad.
Pharaoh Akhenaten abolished Theban polytheism and instituted Atenism, a monotheistic religion in the middle of the 14th c. BCE. Monotheistic hymns to Aten are found copied and pasted in the Hebrew Bible. Without Akhenaten, there would never be Moses.
———————— MY FRIEND’S SECOND EMAIL ——————-
Good Morning Shamsaddin,
Thank you for your response. You have now given me good reason to rather dig further into History when it comes to what has been fed to us by the colonialists. Now I understand what is meant by the Bible being copied from much older books, for example I have come across an Ancient Egyptian text that the Psalms were copied from. The analogy you have used of Singapore has given me a better perspective of what ancient and available records bear witness to. I really appreciate it.
And about Islam you have given me the best answer, especially when you illustrate that it was rather preached by Adam initially. It makes a lot of sense now because somebody told me that it means `submitting to God’ but I needed further elaboration.
It is such knowledge that I have no doubt will fill the generation gap or find the missing link if we search hard enough and eventually empower us towards a brighter future. I love the thought of the unknown possibilities.
Enjoy the rest of your day further,
———————— MY SECOND RESPONSE ——————–
My dear friend,
Hope you and your family are doing well, being of the best health!
Your response contains many points worthy highlighting.
III. Viewpoints, nationalist Greco-centric psychopaths, and my personal standpoint as attested across my publications
You certainly understand that everything hinges on viewpoints, i.e. on through how many angles you saw a topic. This is a vast issue that applies to everything.
What I said to you about the small Ancient Hebrew state, comparing it to immense, sophisticated and very advanced empires of Assyria, Babylonia, Egypt and Iran, I also said in Greece back in the middle 1980s about the tiny Ancient Greek states (the likes of Sparta, Thebes, Corinth and Athens) that constituted the barbaric periphery of the then known world. I triggered an overwhelming rage among the idiotic, nationalistic, chauvinistic people who are omnipresent across the entire political spectrum of that unfortunate and ill-fated state. They accused me of high treason!
One of those guys – I still remember – asked me exactly this: “if your opinions are these, you Dr. Megalommatis, how have you been degraded so much as to become a ….. White”?
Of course, I did not answer, but I really enjoy it when my opponents make so devilish comments.
I regret for having not kept record of his name so that I ask him back in 2015 when Greece collapsed financially: “if your opinions are these, you Mr. Greek, how have you been degraded so much as to become a ….. bankrupt and a beggar”?
I found it amusing, rewarding and sublime!
When evil people hate you and insult you, God sends you a message that you are on the correct path.
I remained the same during my entire 35-year long career, which started only after 11 years of graduate, postgraduate and doctoral studies in more than 10 universities of 7 different countries were completed.
I always tell the truth however unpleasant or hurting it may be; as I say, between my country and the truth, I always side with the truth.
IV. Religion, Theology, Politics, and my personal standpoint as attested across my publications
The same happens when it comes with my religious beliefs; I was born Christian Orthodox, I rejected (but did not hate) Christianity, I was a Greek citizen without religion for some years, and then I adhered to Islam. This was a spiritual path and every person has his own path.
If Islam was good for me, Buddhism may be better for another European, and the Waaqeffanna traditional Oromo religion is perhaps the path of a third person from Europe.
But the spiritual choice must never affect the standard orientation of the heart and of the mind toward Truth.
So, I reject many wrong points that today’s Muslims believe as “religion” whereas these points are a pure matter of historical developments first distorted and then popularized.
Today’s Muslims, Christians, Hindus and many others fail to see the limits between Spirituality, Moral, Religion, Theology, and Politics.
Politics is impermissible in Religion, sinister in Moral, and diabolical in Spirituality.
Theology may eventually match with politics, but Theology consists in the most disastrous distortion of Religion, in the most calamitous breach of Moral, and in total abandonment of Spirituality.
However, I must admit that today many people deliberately confuse Religion with Theology; but this is perfectly revelatory of the evilness of politics which must not exist among the faithful anytime anywhere.
There was not any politics among your ancestors before 300 years (thank God!), there was not any politics among the ancestors of Oromos before 400 years, there was not any politics among the Ancient Egyptians of the times of Nechao (whose fleet achieved the circumnavigation of Africa), there was not any politics among the Ancient Somalis of Punt (Horn of Africa) when Pharaoh Hatshepsut (the World History’s first queen) sent her fleet there before ca. 3500 years, there was not any politics among Christian Eastern Romans of the times of Justinian I, there was not any politics among the Iranians of the times of Shapur II, there was not any politics at the times of Harun al Rashid, the Abbasid Caliphate’s greatest emperor before 1200 years, and more importantly, there was not any politics around Muhammad, there was not any politics around Jesus, there was not any politics around Zoroaster, Buddha and Confucius, there was not any politics around Moses, and so on.
Politics is the evil tool of post-Renaissance world gangsters in their attempt to first corrupt and then eliminate the Mankind.
I say all this because many people believe that my texts are affected by the fact that I am a Muslim. That’s very wrong and absolutely untrue. Oromos are divided among Islam, Waaqeffanna and Christianity, but I explicitly support Waaqeffanna as the most genuine religious choice for all Oromos. On the other hand, through many articles, I demanded as early as 2004 and 2005 the formation of a Christian Aramaean state in parts of today’s Iraq and Syria to save Oriental Christianity; this did not happen and I am sure that you know what evildoing happened instead….
Recently, I republished a series of articles that I published in 2007-2010 in favor of Kosovo, its secession from Serbia, its national independence, and its international recognition. I did not support Kosovo and the Kosovars’ plead for National Sovereignty because of the coincidence that they are Muslims and I am a Muslim too! I supported them because this was historically right and morally correct. If you don’t use moral criteria while evaluating historical developments or when siding with today’s conflicts, you end up a wild animal in today’s jungle.
A Greek friend of mine from Georgia (in the Caucasus region) wrote to me to react against my articles and say that Kosovo became a narco-trade center and a hub of Islamists. Nonetheless! Because they made a very bad use of their freedom, this does not mean that they should not become independent. My friend’s observations were correct, but his remarks wrong. By the way, do you know one modern state that is not ruled by narco-gangsters? There may be few exceptions, but you know, always an exception reconfirms the rule!
Isis Temple at Philae Island, Egypt – It is impossible to study about it in a university in Iraq.
Nuri Pyramids – Karima, Sudan – It is impossible to study about them in a university in Morocco.
Djenne Mosque, Mali – It is impossible to study about it in a university in Somalia.
Ras Hafun 17th c. Mosque, Somalia – It is impossible to study about it in a university in Sudan.
Volubilis, Morocco – It is impossible to study about it in a university in Nigeria.
Queen Arwa as-Sulayhi Mosque – Jibla, Yemen – It is impossible to study about it in a university in Egypt.
The Sacrifice of Conon – Wall Painting of a Temple in Dura Europos, Syria – It is impossible to study about it in a university in Greece.
The Ancient Wall of Zaria and the Muslim Queen Amina of Zaria (1536-1566) who led her armies at the battlefield – It is impossible to study about these topics in a university in Yemen.
Somali Ajuraan Sultanate and their relations with Ming China – It is impossible to study about them in a university in Turkey.
Aramaean Mar Mattai Monastery – North of Mosul, Iraq – It is impossible to study about it in a university in Mexico.
Nineveh Walls – Mosul, Iraq – It is impossible to study about them in a university in Algeria.
Tesifun (Ctesiphon) – Al Mada’in, Iraq – It is impossible to study about it in a university in Azerbaijan.
Takht-e Suleyman, Iran – It is impossible to study about it in a university in Lebanon.
Takshasila (Taxila), Pakistan – It is impossible to study about it in a university in Kazakhstan.
Balkh (Bactra), Afghanistan – It is impossible to study about it in a university in Palestine.
Nemrut dağı – Adıyaman, Turkey – It is impossible to study about it in a university in Iran.
Shah Jahan-abad (Old Delhi), India – It is impossible to study about it in a university in Tanzania.
Registan – Samarqand, Uzbekistan – It is impossible to study about it in a university in Indonesia.
Sigiriya rock, citadel and palace, Sri Lanka – It is impossible to study about it in a university in Malaysia.
Borobudur – Central Java, Indonesia – It is impossible to study about it in a university in Pakistan.
Great Mosque at Xi’an, Ancient Capital of China – It is impossible to study about it in a university in Turkmenistan…….
…….. but it is always possible to study about all the above mentioned topics in universities in Denmark, Austria, Holland, Belgium, Sweden, Switzerland, Czechia and Finland.
V. The first Victims of the Colonial Falsehood are the Western Europeans and the North Americans.
You say something critical: “what has been fed to us by the colonialists”. This is true, but this is only partly true. And if you don’t see the rest, you will never realize the extent of the problem.
The colonial falsehood diffused in Asia, Africa and Latin America to ensure obscurantism, failure, ignorance, deception and impotency really pales if compared to the earlier lies, historical distortions, and theoretical forgeries that the Western Europeans diffused among their own populations. Entire nations like the Italians, the Spaniards, the Germans, the Poles, the Greeks, the Russians, the Danes, the French, the English, the Dutch and many others had been fed with enormous quantities of deception and fallacy instituted as Enlightenment, Romanticism, Classicism and Renaissance (I advance backwards in time).
It is essential that you understand that the European populations were the first victims of 15th – 16th c. European intellectual, religious, spiritual, academic and scientific elite. Only because generations after generations of Western European populations believed the falsehood and the deception diffused among them, they were able to perform as colonial administrators, military, diplomats, academics, instructors and businessmen in Latin America, Africa, India, SE Asia, Middle East, and China.
First, they “believed” that their Christian past (330-1453) was a barbaric period called “Dark Ages”. That was wrong – it consisted in a vicious lie. They were civilized then, and they became barbarian with the Renaissance corruptive falsehood and intellectual contamination.
Then, they postulated that Greek and Roman Antiquity (500 BCE-330 CE) was a highly civilized period. That was wrong – it consisted in a vicious lie. The Western elites wanted only to portray the diabolical Ancient Greek orgies and Roman symposia as “civilization” and the religious (Christian, Islamic, Jewish and other) moral discipline and abstinence as “barbarism”.
Later, they idealized the Greek and Roman Antiquity, forcing European populations to reject their Christian identity and to stupidly imitate the Satanic rites performed in Ancient Greek and Roman temples dedicated to demons like Zeus, Hera, Apollo, Aphrodite, Vesta, Athena, Mercury, Saturn, etc. Read the Satanic works by Racine, notably Phaedra, to realize what I mean! Only a paranoid Satanist like Moliere could compose a nauseating and disgusting filth like Tartuffe as a villainous attack against the divine life style and the morals of the average Christians of his times.
Subsequently, being “sure” of their supremacy, the Satanic rulers of Western Europe noticed that Oriental Christians, Muslims, Africans, Hindus, Buddhists, Confucians and others differed from them; the difference of the others was tantamount to “inferiority” as per the already sick and corrupt minds of the 18th c. Europeans.
As they found superb references to the Ancient Oriental civilizations (Egypt, Assyria, Babylonia, Iran, Sudan and India) in the Ancient Greek and Latin texts, the first Western European Orientalist and Africanist explorers started their notorious itineraries. They had big amount of monies with them in order to purchase ancient documents, manuscripts, and various antiquities. But they did not love the lands they explored; they hated them terribly because they could not “find” there what they had read in the Ancient Greek and Latin texts.
VI. The Evil Colonial Deeds have nothing to do with Economic Exploitation, Military Presence or Political Interference: the Problem is elsewhere
This is the way the world’s most monumental lie started: Orientalism (including European Africanism).
Point 1 – Concealment of Ancient Greek and Roman acceptance of the Oriental and African Originality and Superiority in terms of Spirituality, Culture and Civilization
Western Europeans tried first to conceal the fact that the Ancient Greek and Latin texts are plenty of references testifying to the facts that the Ancient Greeks and the Romans viewed the Oriental civilizations as qualitatively superior to themselves and went there to study, to learn and to venerate. Ancient Greeks and Romans were honored to have Black hierophants, high priests, mystics and astronomers, cosmologists and spiritual masters as their teachers. The most important Ancient Greek author, Plutarch (1st – 2nd c. CE), the high priest of Ancient Greece’s most venerable temple, the Oracle at Delphi, wrote about the Ancient Egyptian Cosmogony, Spirituality and Eschatology in his De Iside et Osiride (: ‘About Isis and Osiris’ – part of his Moralia), also testifying to the diffusion of Ancient Egyptian religions, spiritual and esoteric rites, cults and faith among the Ancient Greeks.
The tendency went down to the Christian and Islamic times; St. Augustine, a major Father of the Christian Faith, was a Berber – a Black. His Roman and European disciples were White but had no problem. This was so because Christianity was a normal religion but it ceased to exist with the rise of the Satanic, Jesuit Renaissance.
Point 2 – Abysmal minimization of Ancient Oriental achievements, exploits, sciences and culture in parallel with a magnification of Ancient Greek and Roman deeds
Second, the Western European Orientalists and Africanists did their ingenious best to incessantly minimize the radiation and the achievements, the exploits and the masterpieces of all Oriental civilizations, while magnifying the achievements of the Ancient Greeks and the Romans.
Examples: on one hand, they magnify the exploits of Alexander the Great, who in reality invaded only one, vast but decayed, state: the Achaemenid Empire of Iran. The advance of Alexander beyond the eastern borders of Iran was minimal. On the other hand, they minimize the Egyptian invasions of Senusret (Sesostris) III (1878-1839 BCE), who crossed through Caucasus to the eastern coasts of the Black Sea and beyond, colonizing Colchis and Scythia. Why? Because this fact bears witness to Black people presence in Europe, as well as to the diffusion of Black civilization across the barbarian realms of 2nd millennium BCE Europe.
They minimize the Egyptian presence off the East African coastlands (Punt) and the Horn region as early as 2000-1500 BCE. They minimize the extent of the Iranian invasion of Egypt, Libya and Sudan (: ‘Ethiopia’ in Ancient Greek texts) under the Achaemenid Iranian Emperor Kabujiya (Cambyses) II (530-532 BCE). Invading Napata (Karima in North Sudan: 750 km south of today’s Sudanese – Egyptian border alongside the Nile, so 2200 km from the present Egyptian – Palestinian border at Gaza), Cambyses was farther from his capital than Alexander was from his, 200 years later, when the Macedonian king invaded parts of the Indian North beyond Punjab (Pentapotamia).
The aforementioned is only indicative because, if I am to make a complete list of Orientalists’ and Africanists’ persistent effort of minimization of the achievements, the exploits and the unparalleled radiation of the Ancient Oriental and African civilizations, I will need a 100-volume encyclopedia.
Point 3 – Usurpation of an Ancient African Civilization: Ancient Crete is not a European island or civilization
Third, in their evil effort to fallaciously represent the Ancient Oriental civilizations, the Western European Hellenists, Latinists, Orientalists and Africanists depicted a genuinely African civilization as European: Minoan Crete. This disgraceful usurpation of African Heritage (King Minos was an Ancient Egyptian and he did indeed bear the name of an Ancient Egyptian God) was vitally necessary to the spiritual genocidal gangsters of the Western European universities, because they wanted to pretend that European History starts in Crete as early as 2500 BCE and offer thus a civilized Antiquity to the European barbarian past. This evil attempt orchestrated before more than 100 years by a most disreputable English pseudo-archaeologist, Arthur Evans, is a paranoid aberration.
Point 4 – Selected popularization of historical snapshots from the Ancient World to distort the average Westerners’ education and culture and to turn Europeans and Americans into racist supremacists
Fourth, the Western European and North American Hellenists, Latinists, Orientalists and Africanists undertook a vast but vicious project of selected popularization of historical snapshots from the Ancient World. Their yet unnoticed technique, which brings calamitous results in terms of historical forgery and total misrepresentation of the World History while also exonerating the scholars and academics of the Western World, consists in the attitude to expand (or diffuse or popularize) at the general public level prejudicially more about Herodotus and abysmally less about the Annals of Assurbanipal, more about the tragedies of Sophocles and less about the Assyrian-Babylonian epic of Gilgamesh, more about the discourses of Demosthenes and less about the Hittite epic of Ullikummi, and so on, and so on. Publishing houses, newspapers, TV channels, radio programs, weekly magazines and monthly reviews, as well as major Internet portals and mainstream sites have been ordered to proceed in this manner, and – worse – their home and school education predestines them to continue the evil practice. At this point again, the long list of the Western colonial deceitful priorities and sophisticated distortions would cover many volumes. Particularly, when it comes to the overwhelming Oriental and African impact on the foundations and the formation of civilizations in Europe, all average people in Europe and in North America are deliberately misinformed and systematically deceived.
Point 5 – Colonized nations prevented from studying, honoring, reassessing and delving into their historical past and cultural heritage
Fifth, the Western European and North American Hellenists, Latinists, Orientalists and Africanists systematically prevented all the indigenous nations from thoroughly studying their own past, from accurately assessing the unmatched greatness of their Cultural Heritage and from meticulously examining their ancestors’ determinant and overwhelming impact on the lower civilizations of Ancient Greece and Rome. Evil ideologies, historical forgeries, and political nonsense are mobilized in this case in order to totally disorient the indigenous nations of Asia and Africa: Fake Pan-Arabism, political Islam, Wahhabism, Marxism – Leninism, Fascism, Western Liberalism, Evolutionism, Materialism, Consumerism, Modernism, etc.
A very typical example is given by the education, the culture, the publications and the mass media of Egypt; although average Egyptians get an idea about the History of Ancient Egypt during the 3rd and the 2nd millennia BCE and also learn about the Islamic periods of History, they know nothing about the history of their country from the Iranian invasion under Cambyses II (525 BCE) to the arrival of Islam (642 CE).
Yet, Late Antiquity is Ancient Egypt’s most important period of History, because it is at those times that Ancient Egyptian religions, cults, faiths and concepts truly speaking ‘invaded’ Ancient Greece, Rome and the entire European continent where hundreds of Egyptian archaeological sites have been excavated. Western European Egyptologists brought to daylight hundreds of ancient temples of Isis, Horus, Osiris, Sarapis, Anubis and other Ancient Egyptian concepts of divinity on European soil but no one, either in Europe or in Egypt and the rest of the world knows about it. Greek Isidists, adepts and believers of the Egyptian divinity Isis, traveled (3rd c. BCE – 4th c. CE) as pilgrims from Greece to Philae Island, 5 km south of Aswan, to venerate the world’s holiest temple of Isis and to write inscriptions on the temple’s walls, but this is worldwide prohibited knowledge for average people in Egypt, Greece, Europe and the rest of the world.
It is during the Ptolemaic and Roman times that appear in Egypt numerous schools of faith, religions, cults and philosophies that we now call Gnosis or Gnosticisms. From Egypt, Gnostics’ teachings, preaching, cosmogonies and eschatological revelations where diffused to NW Africa, Europe, East Africa, and India. Yet, today’s Egyptians know nothing about Gnostics, Hermetics and Manichaeans.
Point 6 – Post-Renaissance European sickness, barbarism, pseudo-literature, bogus-philosophy, and corrupt dementia diffused and tyrannically imposed worldwide as “Civilization”
Sixth, the Western colonials dictatorially imposed and methodically (through bribed local stooges) projected onto all the colonized nations of Asia, Africa, Latin America, and Eastern Europe the immoral, inhuman and utterly lawless elements of their bogus-intellectual life, i.e. the worthless trash of Moliere, Racine, Rousseau, Coleridge, Kipling, Victor Hugo, Karl Marx, Albert Camus, Jean Paul Sartre, Lenin, and their likes. This effort constituted an unprecedented profanation and an unmatched barbarization process that plunged the entire world to the early stages of the present chaotic disorder and irrevocable disintegration.
Yet, the Tuareg and the Berbers of the African Atlas, the Hausa of Nigeria, the Bantu of the African South, the Cushitic Africans of the Horn region, the Egyptian Copts, the Muslims and the Hindus of India, the Christians of Malabar, the Yazidis of Iraq and Armenia, the Turkic nations across Asia, the many different nations of Iran, Russia, China and SE Asia did not need to forget their illustrious past and noble authors, poets, mystics, erudite polymaths, philosophers and scholars in order to absorb the cultural excrement of Europe and North America.
Point 7 – An evil plan of total cultural – academic – educational disconnection among all the nations of the world was successfully implemented without anyone noticing it
Seventh, the Western colonials deployed an unparalleled effort to disconnect the colonized nations from one another; this has been the most criminal act that they have ever perpetrated. Due to this detrimental fact,
1- there are no Moroccan Egyptologists
2- there are no Nigerian Iranologists
3- there are no Somali Assyriologists
4- there are no Afghani specialists in Coptic Language, Literature and History
5- there are no Uzbek specialists in Hausa and Berber
6- there are no Pakistani specialists in Aztec hieroglyphics
7- there are no Indian specialists in Hittite Language, Literature and History
8- there are no Tanzanian specialists in Tatar Language, Literature and History
9- there are no Algerian specialists in Chinese Manichaeism
10- there are no Filipino specialists in Zoroastrianism
11- there are no Peruvian specialists in Mithraism
12- there are no Egyptian specialists in Confucianism
13- there are no Turkish specialists in Quechua, Aymara and other Andes languages
14- there are no Malay specialists in Sumerian
15- there are no Azeri specialists in Carthage and Carthaginian Language and History
and so on, and so on.
Universities in Peru, Argentina, Cameroon, South Africa, Kenya, Sudan, Iraq, Sri Lanka, and Indonesia must not offer seminars about the Bezeklik caves in Turfan (Eastern Turkestan, Sinkiang – China), the Manichaean wall paintings, and the diffusion of Manichaeism in China, but these topics are ‘allowed’ for universities in Holland, Austria, Sweden, Belgium and France.
Universities in Venezuela, Colombia, Algeria, Egypt, Tanzania, Yemen, Madagascar, Philippines, and Vietnam must not offer seminars about the Sogdian Civilization, History and Art (as attested in Panjikent wall paintings in today’s Tajikistan), but these topics are ‘allowed’ for universities in Holland, Austria, Canada, Spain and Italy.
Universities in Congo, Chile, Morocco, Iraq, Angola, Azerbaijan, Thailand, Myanmar, and Pakistan must not offer seminars about Manichaeism and its diffusion from NW Africa to Egypt to China, but these topics are ‘allowed’ for universities in Sweden, Switzerland, Belgium, Australia, and Germany.
Universities in Ghana, Brazil, Paraguay, Jordan, Uganda, Zambia, Turkmenistan, Turkey, Iran, and India must not offer seminars about Nestorian Christianity and its diffusion from Mesopotamia to Bezeklik (Eastern Turkestan – first picture) to the historical center of Imperial China (second picture), but these topics are ‘allowed’ for universities in Denmark, England, Finland, Poland, and Russia.
Universities in China, Uruguay, Taiwan, South Africa, Cambodia, Sudan, Malaysia, Greece, Syria, Georgia and Afghanistan must not offer seminars about the wall paintings of the Arsacid – Sassanid palaces at Kuh-i Khajeh near Zabol, Iran, but these topics are ‘allowed’ for universities in Italy, Belgium, Holland, Canada, Austria and the US.
Universities in Mexico, Zimbabwe, Albania, Bolivia, Senegal, Romania, Iran, Guatemala, Tunisia, Armenia, Bulgaria, and Saudi Arabia must not offer seminars about Khotan, Khotanese language, Khotanese Buddhism and the Celestial King Vaisravana, but these topics are ‘allowed’ for universities in England, France, Germany and Sweden.
Universities in Brazil, Indonesia, UAE, Vietnam, Pakistan, Uzbekistan, Turkey, Qatar, Egypt, Morocco and Nigeria must not offer seminars about India’s Ajanta Caves and their frescoes, but these topics are ‘allowed’ for universities in Canada, the US, Holland, Austria, and England.