Category Archives: Ethiopia

Sudan, Ethiopia, Abyssinia, Egypt, Somalia, Yemen and the Anti-African Plans of the Colonial Orientalists and of their local stooges

What follows is my response to a Somali friend who asked me about various aspects of the colonial distortion of African History with focus on the Horn Region, the historical background of the ethnic and culture divide between Semitic Abyssinia and Cushitic Ethiopia, and the ensuing benefits for the colonial powers France, England and America. The unprecedented affair of historical name usurpation by Abyssinia (‘Ethiopia’ is the historical name of Sudan – not of Abyssinia) brings into the picture Sudan, Africa’s greatest land and possible anti-colonial locomotive, which was continually, systematically and efficiently targeted by the colonial powers with the evil theories of Pan-Arabism and Islamism.

Answer to a Somali friend about Colonial Distortion of African History

Dear Mohamed,

Thank you for your questions and apologies for my late response!

I don’t know to what exactly you are referring by mentioning the “Amhara distortion of Ethiopia’s and Horn of Africa region’s History”. This sentence is not clear and perhaps you misunderstood parts of an article of mine.

The Amhara and Tigray Abyssinians did not “distort” any region’s or country’s History. They simply had their own version of world view, their own eschatology, their historical tradition, which was a forgery of course, and their expansionist plans. That’s one point.

A totally different point is the Western falsification of the World History, which started in parts of Western Europe as early as 1500, and after being tyrannically and deceitfully imposed there, it was ‘exported’ worldwide by means of colonization, modernization and globalization.

These two issues were two initially unrelated developments that one needs to first study per se (independently); only at a later stage the two developments converged. The point of conversion was surely the period from the middle of the 19th c. to the middle of the 20th c. when the Amhara and Tigray Abyssinian rulers adjusted their visions and world views to the Western historical forgery and established a link with the Western plans for globalization, however managing to keep their tyranny far and almost cut off (if possible intact) from the rest of the world, because they did not agree with various elements of the Westernization process. By this, I mean that the world-known situation of underdevelopment that still characterizes Abyssinia (Fake Ethiopia) today was a very conscious decision of the Abyssinian rulers (be they monarchical, Third World communist or pseudo-republican) of the country over the past 70-140 years.

 

 

I. Abyssinia re-baptized as ‘Ethiopia’: a French colonial concept and decision

 

However, it was not an Abyssinian decision to re-baptize the country as “Ethiopia”; this was a Western plan that Haile Selassie only followed and implemented locally. Your question reminds me of the telephone call of an Australia-based Oromo friend of mine back in April 2007.

This long telephone call resulted in an article that I then published under the title “Ethiopia: a Panacea for Tyrants, a Stiletto in Colonial Hands” (27th April 2007) in AfroArticles, Buzzle and American Chronicle; that article was extensively republished at the time, but I think that by now it is not anymore available online. So, I promise you now that I will do my best to re-upload it within the next few days.

In that article, I expanded on this issue; it was my former professor of Egyptology in Paris (from 1978 until 1981), Jean Leclant (1920-2011 / read his curriculum in brief here: https://journals.openedition.org/lettre-cdf/2729?lang=en), who convinced his personal friend Haile Selassie to officially rename “Abyssinia” as “Ethiopia”.

When events of such importance take place, one has to automatically understand that they don’t reflect the innovative ideas of a young Egyptologist (who was also fluent in Ge’ez), but constituted deep colonial state machinations and evil conspiracies.

It may sound strange to you, but the real reason of re-baptizing Abyssinia with the historical name that describes Sudan (something that was well-known to Leclant) has more to do with Sudan itself, and less with Abyssinia.

Basically, it has to do with the general and vast falsehood that colonial diplomats, Orientalist academics, and statesmen diffuse and impose worldwide as “World History”; it is only a small piece in an entire mosaic.

When Leclant was assigned the task (following earlier diplomatic contacts between the French ambassador and Haile Selassie) to set up the Service of Antiquities in Abyssinia (: Fake Ethiopia), another French scholar, Jean Vercoutter (1911-2000, so 9 years older than Leclant) was tasked (following earlier agreements between the French and the English diplomats at Khartoum) to establish the Service of Antiquities in Sudan (when that country became independent).

 

 

II. Sudan, the only true Ethiopia: the ultimate target of the criminal colonial Orientalists in the middle 1950s

What the French colonials (who are the main standard bearers of the worldwide colonial historiography and of all the ensuing fallacies and distortions) wanted to achieve was this: they wanted to disconnect Sudan from

– its own past and 5000-year old heritage,

– its diverse and multifaceted historical tradition,

– its true national name,

– its African cultural identity, and – above all –

– the enormous perspectives that the historical reality de facto offers to Sudan at the academic, educational, intellectual, cultural, political, regional and international levels.

In other words, they wanted to prevent Africa’s largest country from rising to political, economic, academic, intellectual and geostrategic supremacy, which would be very easy, following a proper nation-building effort, which would involve a genuine, historical name for the country and a real, clear linguistic-cultural identity.

Sudan is the only country that has historical right to the name of Ethiopia. And Leclant knew this very well because his thesis concerned the historical period of the 8th and the 7th c. BCE, when first Upper (: Southern) Egypt and then Lower (: Northern) Egypt were under Cushitic / Ethiopian, i.e. Sudanese control. This development occurred because the Egyptian priesthood of Amun at Thebes (Luxor) wanted to use the Napata (today’s Karima)-based Kings of Cush (Kas in Ancient Egyptian Hieroglyphics) in its clash with the Heliopolitan priesthood of Ra, which was based in the area of today’s Cairo and supported by Berber princes of the African North-Northwest (spanning across the area of today’s NW Egypt, Libya and the African Atlas).

The Egyptian Hieroglyphic term ‘Kas’ (also used among the Cushites of Ancient Sudan – Ethiopia for their own land, country and kingdom) was translated as Mat Kusi in Assyrian-Babylonian and as Cush in Ancient Hebrew; it was the equivalent of the Ancient Greek term ‘Ethiopia’, and we know this not only because there are Ancient Greek historical references to the state immediately south of Egypt as ‘Ethiopia’, but also because in the Septuagint Ancient Greek translation (3rd c. BCE) of the Hebrew Bible the terms ‘Cush’ and ‘Ethiopia’ are used in Ancient Greek interchangeably.

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Jebel Barkal (the holy mountain of Amun of Napata, venerated by the Ancient Cushites-Ethiopians of Sudan and by the Ancient Hamites of Kemet-Egypt) at the outskirts of Napata (today’s Karima) and the pyramids of the Cushitic Qore (: Kings) of the 8th-5th c. BCE (first two pictures); El Kurru pyramids near Karima (third picture); Nuri pyramids on the other bank of the Nile, opposite Karima and near Marawi (fourth picture) 

At this point, it is important to add that first, the territory of Ancient Cush with either Napata or Meroe as capital never encompassed lands of Abyssinia, and second, there was never a significant state located in the area of Abyssinia before Axum; and Axum rose to power only in the 4th c. CE.

Now, you may ask me what would be the result of a right nation building process carried out in Sudan in the late 1950s and the 1960s. This would be astonishing, but few people can now comprehend what great developments for the entire African continent the evil colonial fallacy of the French managed to avert.

 

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Meroe and its pyramids represent a later phase of Ancient Sudanese, i.e. Ethiopian – Cushitic Civilization (4th c. BCE – 4th c. CE), which is totally unrelated to Abyssinia (today’s Fake Ethiopia)

 

 

III. What would happen if Sudan did not fall victim of Pan-Arabism, Nasserism and Islamism?

 

First, the Sudan would not be plunged in the Arab Nationalist (or Pan-Arabic) fallacy that absorbed all the resources of the victimized countries, which accepted this colonial Orientalist distortion and, after losing their true national identities, were plunged into disastrous wars, civil strives, severe oppression, genocides (like Darfur), and choleric processes of linguistic Arabization and pseudo-religious Islamization.

There is not even one drop of Arab blood in any Sudanese citizen’s veins. The country accepted Islam at a later age and without any sort of invasion. This is also true for Upper Egypt; Sohag, Qena, Luxor and Aswan do not have an Islamic past that exceeds 1100 years. Iberia and North India, Central Asia and Sicily were under Islamic rule, Constantinople was attacked by Islamic armies, but Luxor and Aswan were calm and pious Christian cities of the Kingdom of Nobatia that had capital at Faras, near Abu Simbel.

The fallacious Arab identity of a genuinely non-Arab country like Sudan alienated the quasi-totality of the African nations gathered within the colonial structure under a fake name and a monstrous identity. All these ancient and noble African nations did not need to either learn the fabricated, fake modern pseudo-language that is called ‘Modern Arabic’ or to become Muslim.

There were already enough Muslims in the Sudan, from the Furis (of Darfur) to the Nubians to the Beja to the Berta; modern Sudan’s most illustrious anti-colonial exploits and heroic battles were undertaken by Muslims. First Sudan and the noble leader of Muhammad Ahmad the Mahdi stood against the Anglo-French colonial cholera and died fighting to avert Africa’s colonization. Quranic Arabic was their religious language and it was wonderful like that. These Muslims did not have major clashes with the non-Muslims of various adjacent regions. Only within the abnormal and inhuman frame of the vicious, Satanic colonial rule, all African nations were oppressed and all Africans started fighting against one another.

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Axum, the capital of Ancient Abyssinia during pre-Christian and Christian (4th – 7th c. CE); Abyssinians spoke and wrote Ge’ez, which remains until today the religious language of the Modern Abyssinians, i.e. the Amhara and Tigray. Abyssinians are Yemenites who crossed the Red Sea and settled in Africa as late as the 2nd half of the 1st millennium BCE. The famous stelae of Axum testify to Axum’s pre-Christian civilization and date back to the first centuries of the Christian Era.

 

 

IV. What a true nation-building would mean for Sudan, rightfully named ‘Ethiopia’

 

With Ethiopia as national name, Sudan would give all its citizens the true portion of historical heritage and antiquity that belongs to them and they would all find elements of their culture, spirituality, faith and world view in the Ancient Cushitic and Meroitic past. Learning that Napata (today’s Karima) was already a holy place for the Ancient Egyptians, all Modern Sudanese would grasp an idea of the greatness of their land and of the splendor of the past that belongs to them – and not to the colonial gangsters who appear under the evil masks of Orientalists, archaeologists, epigraphists, Africanists, linguists, ethnographers, philologists and historians, only to

– minimize the African past,

– conceal its cataclysmic impact on the formation of civilization on European soil, and

– subordinate it to the racist fallacy of Hellenism, Greco-Roman civilization, and Euro-barbarianism.

With Ethiopia as national name, all Modern Sudanese would become proud of their civilization and of its radiation. In striking contrast with the colonially corrupt, idiotic and worthless Modern Egyptians, who have been stupidly selling their own antiquities for 222 years, Modern Sudanese would undertake the research of their past, the exploration of their antiquities, the decipherment of their ancient writing systems, and the reassessment of their diachronic role in World History at a national, sovereign level, finding the true, non-colonial partners for these purposes.

Second, because of the absence of the above, a true nation-building effort would take place and, as a consequence, today’s Sudanese would be all fully conscious of

a- their Cushitic – Ethiopian historical and cultural heritage

b- their Ancient History, as it is recorded in Ancient Egyptian hieroglyphics and in Meroitic hieroglyphic and cursive writing systems

c- their ethnic, national, cultural, historical and spiritual interconnection with the Oromos and the other subjugated Cushitic nations of Abyssinia

d- their Christian Nobatian, Makurian and Alodian History, as it is recorded in Coptic, Old Nubian and Makurian writing systems

e- their Islamic African History that is totally unrelated to Arab presence

f- their pro-eminent role across the trade routes of the Antiquity and the Islamic Ages, when the Historical Ethiopia (i.e. Sudan) linked

– Egypt with Sahara and the Western African world,

– the Mediterranean world with the Horn of Africa region, and

– almost all the African Muslims with the three cities of Islamic Pilgrimage, namely Mecca, Madina and Al Quds ash Sherif (Jerusalem).

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1ST C INDIA

 

 

 

V. Regional and international consequences of a true nation-building in Sudan, rightfully named ‘Ethiopia’

 

Third, because of the above, Sudan would

a- help dissolve the criminal colonial state of Abyssinia, by incorporating Oromia into Sudan-Ethiopia and by making Afaan Oromo the official language of the new,  magnificent African super-state

b- help form numerous independent nations on parts of Sudan’s soil, namely among the Bejas in the East, in Darfur, in Kordofan, and in the South – when the Westerners were not there to fuel rebellion against Pan-Arabist Khartoum that they (: the Western colonials) fabricated in the first place

c- help establish numerous independent nations on parts of the criminal colonial state of Abyssinia, namely Afar, Ogaden, Sidama, Hadiya, Kaffa, Kambata, Shekacho, Wolayita, Agaw, Nuer, Anuak, Berta, etc. whereby every nation would have their own language as official

d- help dissolve the filthy colonial fabrication of Djibouti, a pseudo-state created by the criminal, murderous gangsters of France, and in the process help Afar nation pull together all parts of their nation and Isa tribe merge with the other Somalis

e- strike an alliance with the Eastern Cushitic nation of Somalia in order to impose a genuine, anti-colonial, African Order across Africa, which would bring forth the dissolution of fake colonial states whereby many different historical nations are oppressed by the filthy nation or tribe that had previously been the lackeys of their colonial masters, like the Kikuyu in Kenya

f- launch an African educational, academic system in total refutation of the Western Orientalism, Hellenism, ‘Greco-Roman Civilization’ and fake Africanism, and in total rejection of the racist, Eurocentric version of World History,

– by highlighting the superiority of Ancient African civilizations (Egyptian, Cushitic-Meroitic, Carthaginian-Berber) over Ancient Greece and Rome,

– by establishing the correct links between the Ancient African civilizations and the Ancient Oriental civilizations (Sumerian, Assyrian-Babylonian, Hurrian, Hittite-Anatolian, Canaanite-Phoenician, and Iranian),

– by meticulously examining and widely publicizing the multifaceted, overwhelming African cultural, religious, spiritual, artistic, literary and linguistic impact on Ancient and Medieval Europe

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Iseum Campense

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Black Egyptian high priests were initiating White Romans into the mysteries of the Ancient Egyptian divine concept of Isis (Aset in Egyptian Hieroglyphics); hundreds of temples of Isis (Iseum – Isea in Latin) have been excavated across Europe but this evidence of absolute African Egyptian impact on European civilization remains hidden to Europeans and others – in order not to function as a rejection of the still prevalent, racist pseudo-historical model of ‘Hellenism’ and Greco-Roman civilization’. Iseum Campense, Rome

 

g- promote a system of cultural, academic, educational and intellectual interconnection among all African nations, imposing

– the immediate obliteration of the colonial languages, English and French, across the continent,

– the prohibition of these two languages from the primary, secondary and tertiary education of all African states, and

– their replacement by a system of all-African multilingualism, involving the major African languages,

h- destroy all fake pseudo-states that the colonial powers, France, England and America, produced over the past 222 years on African soil, notably Fake Egypt, Fake Morocco, etc. and help generate genuinely African nations instead.

What I am saying with the aforementioned brief diagram is that a non-Arab, non-colonial, genuinely African Sudan, named Ethiopia, in the middle 1950s should act as if having fully understood, assessed and capitalized on the historical conclusions of scholars like Martin Bernal (author of the venerated “Black Athena: The Afroasiatic Roots of Classical Civilization”, in three volumes: 1987, 1991, 2006) and Edward Said (author of the highly respected “Orientalism”, 1978). This aphorism of mine may sound as preposterous because these great opuses were published more than 20 or 30 years after Sudan proclaimed its independence.

However, all the constituent elements, the textual and archaeological evidence, which led the aforementioned scholars to their groundbreaking publications, were there already in 1956. As a matter of fact, all that an African scholar needed to do was

– study the historical sources and the archaeological material record

– identify the discrepancies between historical sources and colonial bibliography

– list a vast number of topics commonly shared among colonial scholars but hidden from the Western and worldwide public (readership)

– analyze the reasons of the unrepresentative selection of historical sources for educational – intellectual – cultural purposes, as carried out by colonial scholars

– examine the above through the question ‘qui bono’ and accurately specify the colonial intentions, and

– conclude about a) the racist, criminal, and inhuman motives of the colonial pseudo-academia and b) the ensuing benefit for the colonial powers and their false historical version.

 

 

VI. Anti-colonial struggle means total rejection of the colonial fallacy still diffused worldwide as ‘Word History’

 

A non-colonial, non-Arab Sudan, officially named Ethiopia, would of course demolish fundamental colonial myths and highlight concealed facts that constitute basic elements of today’s Western version of World History. The topic is as vast as an entire encyclopedia, but I will herewith offer few examples pertaining to Africa and the surrounding seas.

a- there is no such country as “Egypt” and there is no such thing as “Egyptian Civilization”. The country’s real historical name is Kemet, which means the ‘Black Land’ or ‘the Land of Black People’, and this is due to the fact that the Ancient Egyptians were both, dark brown and black. So, there was Kemetic or Kemetian Civilization. Today, a liberated, non-colonial country at the northeastern corner of the Black Continent must be called Kemet – not Egypt – at the international level. Egyptian politicians and statesmen accepting to name their country ‘Egypt’ at the international level are born slaves and constitute a most disreputable clique alien to the great history of that land.

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Kemet written in hieroglyphic characters

 

b- the name ‘Egypt’, used by Egyptians, constitutes a colonial relic of the filthiest and most racist contents. The word originates from the Ancient Greek word Aigyptos, which is the Hellenization of the Ancient Egyptian term ‘Hwt Ka Ptah’, i.e. ‘the enclosure of the soul of Ptah’; Ptah was a marginal deity in Ancient Egypt, and the Ancient Egyptians would never accept to name their country after that deity of the polytheistic priesthood of Memphis. This is the first point against the use of the term. The second point is related to the fact that European and North American colonials view the use of this term as resulting from their cultural, political, academic and intellectual supremacy over colonized (since 1798) Modern ‘Egypt’.

c- Modern Egypt cannot be called “Egypt” at the international level for one extra, totally different, reason; the use of this name, which is totally alien and unknown to today’s average Egyptians, consists in an unprecedented colonial denigration and vulgar deprecation of the modern nation, which uses the name Masr to denote their identity. Assyrian-Babylonian of origin (Musur and Mat Masri, lit. ‘land of Egypt’), this name was diffused among Aramaeans and Hebrews, before being adopted among Arabs.

And notice the difference, if you please: the authorities of Myanmar managed to impose at the international level respect for their country’s name, which is the aforementioned, officially accepted, name and not the filthy, colonial parody of Burma that the English colonials used since the early colonial days. But the idiotic, colonial, Pan-Arabist rulers of Kemet / Masr from Nasser to Mubarak to Morsi never raised such a subject in an effort to always remain disgustingly servile and docile enough to please their colonial masters – the Satanic gangsters of France, England and America.

d- there is no such expanse of sea as “the Indian Ocean”; this is a fake term introduced by the English, Dutch, Portuguese and French colonials as late as the 16th c. In the Antiquity, the most commonly used term was “Red Sea” (in Ancient Greek: ‘Erythra Thalassa’); during the Roman and Arsacid / Sassanid times, this term denoted the seas that we call today ‘Persian Gulf’, ‘Red Sea’ and ‘Indian Ocean’. When Agatharchides writes in the 2nd c. BCE his treatise on the Red Sea (Geographi Graeci Minores), in the part of his work in which he describes the natural phenomenon due to which the sea was called ‘red’, he narrates an event happening in today’s coast of Hadhramaut or Mahra in SE Yemen.

e- if one wants to name the entire Afro-Asiatic expanse of sea after the national name of the first seafarers and navigators who, after studying the meteorological conditions, the winds and the oceanographic data of that sea, sailed across the ocean from the Horn of Africa region to today’s coast of Malabar, then one has to call the sea “Yemenite Ocean”. First, the Qataban Yemenites, with capital at Timna, established safe navigation from the Gulf of Aden to the Malabar coast where they established commercial relations with the local Dravidian (not Indian, not Indo-European) kingdoms as early as the middle of the first millennium BCE.

Qataban Yemenite thalassocracy across the Yemenite Ocean lasted many centuries and was matched with an early colonization of the East African coast where the Qatabanis intermingled with the local Ancient Somalis of the coast of Azania (from the Horn of Africa down to today’s Daressalaam in Tanzania). Qatabani supremacy was terminated when the Himyarite Yemenites and the Sabaean Yemenites made an alliance to vanquish Qataban and accumulate in their palaces the mythical treasures that used to be garnered at Timna. This happened ca. 115 BCE.

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Maps of Ancient Yemenite kingdoms and the monuments of Marib, capital of the Sabaean (Sheba) Kingdom. There is no link between the Biblical – Quranic Queen of Sheba, an exclusively Yemenite Queen, and the Makeda forgery of Kebra Negast. The Queen of Sheba was totally unrelated to Africa.

 

The Himyar – Sheba alliance was not as experienced as the Qatabanis seafarers; their heavy taxes were a problem for the last Ptolemies who were easy partners. After Octavian invaded Kemet (Egypt) and annexed the land of the Nile to the Roman Empire (30 BCE), the Romans proved to be difficult partners and in the year 25 BCE, Aelius Gallus, prefect of Egypt, undertook a maritime expedition against Yemen, which also involved several land expeditions. At the end, after many collateral damages, the Romans managed to destroy the main Yemenite port of call at Aden and thus force the Yemenites to cooperate with Rome and reduce the customs.

Yemenite thalassocracy across the Yemenite Ocean continued, evidently coordinated with the Roman imperial establishments at Egypt and Leuke Kome (NW coast of today’s Saudi Arabia), and it is well documented in historical texts like the Periplus of the Red (Erythraean) Sea, which was written by an Alexandrian Egyptian captain and merchant who traveled across the coastal regions from Suez to China at the times of the Roman Emperor Nero (so in the middle of the 1st c. CE). The same text describes the continuation of the Himyar-Sabaean colonization of Azania and prevalence across the seas. There have truly been found Roman coins in different archaeological sites across the Malabar coast where the kingdoms of Damirica, Nelkyndis, Cerobothra (Chera) and Pandya were located according to the Periplus of the Red (Erythraean) Sea.

But Yemenite traders and sailors used these coins while sailing across the Yemenite Ocean; and these kingdoms were all Dravidian – not Indian. And the Dravidians never demonstrated navigational skills, which is one more reason for which we cannot call this sea ‘Indian Ocean’, pretty much like we cannot call ‘India’ the cemetery of South Asiatic nations that the English colonials prepared for more than 100 years during their calamitous colonial presence there. ‘India’ is only the land around the Indus River, and this concerns only a minor part of the state which is nowadays fallaciously called with this name.

PERIPLUS ma

 

At the beginning of my response, I mentioned the Amhara and Tigray Abyssinian world view, eschatology, and historical tradition. This relates to their famous historical book Kebra Negast, which was written in Ge’ez, their religious language down to our days. First written in Coptic, then translated to Arabic (early 13th c.), and last rendered in Ge’ez at the beginning of the 14th c., Kebra Negast is a historical forgery prepared by Amhara debteras (monks) only to justify their false pretensions to ancestry and to royalty and to prepare the ground for expansionism of apocalyptic and eschatological contents.

The disappearance of Islam, the common borders between Abyssinia and a Zionist state in the area of Palestine, the fallacious and unhistorical theory of Axum being the ‘New Zion’, and the fabrication of Menelik, nonexistent son of Solomon (Suleyman) and ‘Makeda’, the fake queen of Sheba (that kingdom was located only in Yemen, not in Africa), do not bode well with the future of Africa but are all some of the targets of the real authors of this forgery. All later Amhara and Tigray ‘prophecies’ about their expansion are repetitions of earlier material included in Kebra Negast. Somali, Sudanese and Egyptian (not to mention more) scholars are idiotic enough not to learn Ge’ez, not to study Kebra Negast and not to highlight the fallacious nature of the book that prepares the Amhara and Tigray Abyssinians as followers or conscious slaves of the Antichrist (Masih al-Dajjal). But this is a totally different subject, as I already said.

Best regards,

Shamsaddin

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Sudan, Ethiopia, Abyssinia, Egypt, Somalia, Yemen and the Anti-African Plans of the Colonial Orientalists

Independent Biyyaa Oromoo, and the path toward it

The only natural manner for a historical nation to survive in the modern world is an independent state; this does not however mean that within the borders of a modern state, a nation can always survive. The greatest concern is therefore Identity. Why being independent, if you lose your identity?

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Existence is not justified without identity. This has always been known to Oromos. Oromoness is above all. Losing identity, a nation loses its birthright to exist, and disappears.

When an invader and an oppressor exterminates a great number of people, this is called physical genocide.

When an alien plunderer and a cruel persecutor attempts to eradicate the foundations of a subjugated nation’s identity, i.e. the nation’s historical continuity, cultural integrity, ethnic purity, religious authenticity, sacramental values, moral distinctiveness, ancestral traditions, linguistic particularity, behavioral uniqueness, and social cohesiveness, this is called spiritual genocide.

Oromos have been exposed to both, physical and spiritual, genocides over the past 170 years. In fact, when we use the term ‘physical genocide’ within the context of the modern world (19th-21st c.), we ascertain that the Oromos have been the first nation to be exposed to physical genocide in terms clearly denoted by the Russian Imperial delegate Alexander Bulatovich who spent few years in East Africa in the late 1890s. See:

The Oromo Genocide Solemnly Confessed by Official Russian Explorer in Abyssinia (Fake Ethiopia – http://originaloromantic.blogspot.com/2010/07/oromo-genocide-solemnly-confessed-by.html

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However, the criminal colonial nations that bear responsibility for this genocide, namely England, France and Abyssinia (the ruling tribes of Amhara and Tigray), never accepted this reality, although during the 20th c. they used the term for other nations that were part of their own, colonial interests and agendas.

Having to struggle for their national independence and self-determination, today’s Oromos must keep a close eye to situations that prevail among independent nations worldwide.

In today’s world, many independent nations preserved their nominal sovereignty only to lose their identity, following an enormous tsunami of definitely corruptive, utterly devious, viciously inhuman Modernity that was secretively invented, systematically prepared, and overwhelmingly projected onto all nations via methodically unveiled technology.

Thoughtlessly, disputably, and mendaciously, billions of people were disingenuously driven to live in manners that their ancestors would disapprove of and in the process, entire nations lost their

 – historical continuity, as they are not anymore identical to their forefathers

– cultural integrity, as they are all amalgamated via fake trends and lifestyle

– ethnic purity, as they are forced to intercommunal marriages

– religious authenticity, as their religions receded to fake laws or new trends

– sacramental values, as the fake notion of politics desecrated human life

– moral distinctiveness, as Modernity is tantamount to Immorality

– ancestral traditions, as they are shamelessly defamed or inanely ignored

– linguistic particularity, as technical jargons & anglicisms spread worldwide

– behavioral uniqueness, as a cataclysmic mimetism eradicated authenticity, and

– social cohesiveness,  as pervasive forces and secret organizations sprouted.

In fact, most of the nations or fake nations represented in the UN General Assembly have preserved a nominal independence while progressively losing – in various degrees – their identity. These nations cannot and will not survive; unless they react in force, they are dead corpses, dark shadows, and dreadful reminiscences of their past selves.

The homogeneity of a Fake Humanity prevails already from Asia to Africa to America only to drive the mankind to the maelstrom of its extinction, and in this regard, there is nothing more that we could do.

This means that today the Oromos, having lost their independence for ca. 170 years and having preserved their national identity despite (or because!) of an unprecedented, enduring and multifaceted spiritual genocide, are in reality in a more advantageous position than all the nations or fake nations represented in the UN General Assembly.

As a matter of fact, although deprived of national independence, today’s Oromos – ignored by the world, tyrannized by their oppressors, but blessed by Waaqo – have maintained what most of the nominally independent nations have lost.

Few Oromos today can understand that what was thought to be a curse (the loss of national independence) turned out to be a benediction. That’s why few of them know their asymmetrical advantage over the other, the nominally independent nations that lost their identity.

This is even more difficult for today’s Oromo Diaspora to assess. That’s why I utterly advise all Oromo political leaders, heads of organizations, academics, intellectuals, pundits and activists to allow the local Oromo Youth to lead the struggle for National Independence.

I know how difficult it may be and how odd it may sound – particularly if we take into consideration the prerogatives set by the Gadaa system – and I admit that it will take a great deal of courage for leaders of the Oromo Diaspora to be convinced that the Oromo youngsters, who do not know the world, can bring forth the ultimate success and achieve the liberation of Occupied Biyya Oromoo. But there is no alternative to this.

One does not need to know the world in order to liberate Biyya Oromoo. For this task, one needs to be a culturally integral Oromo, a morally genuine Oromo, and a behaviorally unaltered Oromo. There are millions of Oromos who lead the path to Independent Biyya Oromoo.

My statement does undermine the Oromo Diaspora; but Oromo intellectuals and activists, who spent many years abroad, without being less Oromos (on the contrary), may have been confused by the technological development, the economic expansion, the political power, and the military dexterity of the countries where they live in. And this can damage the struggle for National Independence.

There is no need for Biyya Oromoo to become independent so that the Oromos lose their identity. There is no need for an Independent Biyyaa Oromoo that would be a mixture of Malaysia and Peru, a simulacrum of Sri Lanka and Tunisia, and a reminiscence of Japan and Mexico.

An Independent Biyyaa Oromoo must be what the last Oromo kingdoms were, because those kingdoms stood for values that were diametrically opposed to the evil norms, the inhuman policies, and the Satanic practices of England, France and America – and for that reason the English and the French helped the barbaric Amhara and Tigray to suppress and eliminate the Oromo kingdoms, and later the Americans replaced the English and the French in the support extended to the tribal Abyssinian gangsters.

The Oromo values are not for the Modern World, but they represent Humanity in its best and eternal authenticity; the Modern World, after eliminating the Oromo kingdoms, so that there is no challenge to the Western depravity, expanded from the West to the other continents, contaminating, eroding and corrupting all nations.

Tomorrow, an Independent Biyyaa Oromoo will not be a modern state, because Modernity is at the diabolical antipodes of the Oromo Identity. There is no need for technology, construction, malls, football stadiums, skyscrapers and 5* hotels in an Independent Biyyaa Oromoo.

Oromos can only reconstitute the ideal country that they had before 200 years in the form of kingdoms living in honor, honesty, and humanity within the nature. Only the young Oromos, who never traveled abroad, have in their hearts and in their minds intact the remembrance of the great days of the Oromo kingdoms, and the memory of the wonderful life that those kingdoms secured for all Oromos.

For the above reasons, Oromo national sovereignty will come as a challenge to the rest of the world. Because this is so, not one nation will ever come to support the Oromos’ struggle for National Independence. This is a real favor. What happened to nations that became ‘independent’ with the evil ‘support’ of the Satanic nations of the West?

Not far from Biyyaa Oromoo live the Nuer and the Dinka who are now bound to internal strife, fight and killing within the borders of the fake state of South Sudan. This is the perfect example of Western perversion and malignancy. Oromos must know that the Western nations and diplomacies will never act otherwise, and for this reason, all Oromo political leaders must stop contacting any representative of any Western political establishment – and if contacted, they must decline the offer.

The only possibly ‘favorable’ offers coming from the West will be either an Oromo administration within the borders of present Abyssinia (also known as Fake Ethiopia) – which would be the most un-Oromo and anti-Oromo environment – or an ‘independent’ Kush whereby Oromos will be forced to affront and compete with the Ogadenis, the Afars, the Sidamas, the Shekachos, the Kaffas and other nations in a restless milieu useful for Western, illegal arm sales.

 

I am glad that today’s Afar, Gambella, Shekacho, Tatek, Benishangul, Ogaden, Sidama and Oromo leadership demonstrates a remarkable clarity of purpose. Joining forces and relying on their own, oppressed and persecuted nations, they can launch many coordinated efforts that will bring down the world’s most criminal, most tyrannical, and most inhuman state, i.e. the colonial empire of Abyssinia (Fake Ethiopia).

All Cushitic and Nilo-Saharan nations of Abyssinia must make of their identity preservation the no 1 reason of their struggle for national independence and they must demand from the world’s community nothing less than what European nations accepted and implemented in Europe: the ‘one nation one state’ principle.

If small nations like Montenegro, Estonia, Kosovo, Latvia, Slovenia, Macedonia, Albania and Lithuania (all under 3 million people each) can be accepted as independent nations in the UN, all the subjugated nations of today’s Abyssinia have the right to statehood and national sovereignty.

I herewith reproduce the press release – condemnation issued by the Ethiopian Political Organisations of the All-Inclusive London Conference (EPOAILC) on the occasion of the Moyale killings of innocent civilians by the TPLF regime (20 March 2018) and the Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) of Political Organizations participated on All-Inclusive Conference Initiated by Peoples Alliance for Freedom and Democracy (PAFD) conducted in London between February 24 and 25, 2018.

 

Stand United to Bring About Lasting Genuine Change in Ethiopia!

https://www.oromoparliamentarians.org/English/Press_Release/Ethiopian%20Political%20Oganization.htm

We, Ethiopian Political Organisations of the All-Inclusive London Conference (EPOAILC) – February 2018, strongly condemn the Moyale killings of innocent civilians by the TPLF regime. This unprovoked/ wanton and fascistic killings were occurred on unarmed civilians in the heart of the town of Shewaber, in Moyale (Oromia region), whilst people were doing their daily routines.  The TPLF army went on a shooting spree and killed children, school teachers and women. Despite the army blaming false intelligence for its actions, the evidence from the administration of the Oromia Region and eyewitness shows that some of the victims were made to kneel down and shot in the head. Regardless of the requests of local people and the judiciary’s request, there have been no inquiry or judicial process initiated following the killings. On the contrary, the Oromia Judicial administration head, Mr. Taye Dendea, was arrested by the military and taken away after he openly condemned the killings and demanded the perpetrators to be brought to justice. In the wake of these killings, about 50,000 people have fled and continue to flee to the nearby Kenyan town across the border for safety.

These crimes happened in the wake of the illegitimate State of Emergency that was declared for the second time by the regime on 16 February to reverse the loss of grip on power in recent months due to the mass protests that rocked the country. The regime has found it difficult to believe that the change driven by protesting young people  the Qeerroos, the Fanos, the Zerma’s, the nebros and the likes, is irreversible and that this is the beginning of the end of its corrupt and racist rule. Despite the harsh response from the regime, the peoples’ protests demand for change is tenacious struggle to date that is increasingly driving the country into deeper crisis.

The TPLF divide and rule policy has costed our nation many lives and the dislocation of over one million Oromo people, tens of thousands of Somalis and other nations and nationalities in Ethiopia. There are strong indications that the regime still intends to open rift among nations and nationalities by arming and pitting one community against another. We warn the peoples of Ethiopia and political activists to expect these artificial conflicts in the near future and act on it by exposing these intrigues of the regime and strengthen our unity and fraternity.

Now, the country has come to a standstill. Over two years/ three years of sustained and peaceful mass protests and boycotts of the people for fundamental change, especially in central and South Ethiopia, including areas surrounding  the capital Addis Ababa/ Finfinne have been  excessive but have brought closer to the end of the dark days of oppression. similarly, areas in the north of Ethiopia- Gonder and Gojjam and some parts of Wollo are fighting for their freedom and democracy. Most cities and towns especially in the Oromo and Amhara regions have been completely blacked out, deprived of internet and other means of communication so that the protesters would find it difficult to communicate with each other as well as to blind the world from knowing what is going on in those regions. In the current TPLF enclave of Southern Ethiopia, political oppositions and youth group seeking for change are rounded up and jailed and tortured but this has not been reported due to remoteness of the areas and lack of organised campaign group.

Therefore, in all over Ethiopia, many people are being jailed by the Command Post including local government officials for refusing to hand over government funds, for resisting undue intervention by the Command Post in administrative matters as well as for exposing the heinous crime being committed by the regime’s infamous Agazi forces.

Therefore, we, Ethiopian Political Organisations of the All-Inclusive London Conference call upon:

The people of Ethiopia especially the young who are taking the toll of the burden in this struggle, to continue to resist this evil regime by working together and allowing no divide amongst themselves.

 All nations, nationalities and peoples of Ethiopia to stick together as brothers and sisters of one nation and not allow the evil regime to use our differences as instruments to instigate war against each other.

The regime’s armed forces and the security apparatus to refuse to shoot their own people and stand for justice with the people of Ethiopia to do away with this tyrannical rule. Any more killing will only worsen the situation for you as there soon will come a time when you will be called upon to be accountable.

The international community, including the United Nations, The Unites states of America, Europe, China and Russia to put pressure on the regime to stop all extrajudicial killings, imprisonment and torture of all dissidents and others and accept genuine transfer of power to a transitional government.

The African Union, as having special relationship with African nations, to do its best in not only saving a member nation from falling apart, but also in saving the seat of the Africa Union.

All political organisations and other stakeholders fighting against the TPLF led regime to stand shoulder to shoulder with us in our fight for individual and collective rights, the rule of law and justice, freedom and unity in Ethiopia. Since the challenges we face are huge and the gravity of the problems unfathomable, we call upon you to make a united stand against the tyrannical regime.

Stand united against the TPLF!

Victory for the People of Ethiopia!

20 March 2018

Members of Ethiopian Political Organisations of the All-Inclusive London Conference (EPOAILC)

Afar Liberation Front Party (ALFP)

Gambella  Nilotes United Movement (GNUM)

Gambella Regional Movement (GRM)

Oromo Parliamentarian council (OPC)

Shekacho People’s Movement for Democracy and Socal Justice (SPMDSJ)

Tatek Movement for Freedom, Democracy and Unity of Ethiopia (Tatek Ethiopia )

People’s Alliance For Freedom and Democracy (PAFD)

Benishangul People’s Liberation Movement (BPLM)

Gambella Peoples Liberation Movement (GPLM)

Ogaden National Liberation Front (ONLF)

Oromo Liberation Front (OLF)

Sidama National Liberation Front (SNLF)

 

 

Memorandum of Understanding of Political Organizations Participated PAFD Conference

https://www.oromoparliamentarians.org/English/Press_Release/Memorandam%20MoU.htm

March 7, 2018

Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) of Political Organizations participated on All-Inclusive Conference Initiated by Peoples Alliance for Freedom and Democracy (PAFD) conducted in London between February 24 and 25, 2018

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This Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) sets for the terms and understanding between political forces in Ethiopia who took part and in principle agreed to work together during all-inclusive International Conference conducted in London between February 24 and 25, 2018.

 

Background

The Peoples’ Alliance for Freedom and Democracy (PAFD) had initiated and organised an ‘International conference on a current crisis in Ethiopia to explore realistic alternatives’ in London, UK between February 24 and 25, 2018. After a critical consideration and deliberation of the current dreadful situation in Ethiopia, the participants unanimously committed to set a MoU to strategize peaceful transition that would be acceptable by all peoples in Ethiopia. Therefore, we the delegates of various political organisations observed and pronounced the following:

  1. Depth of Current situations in Ethiopia-The depth and magnitude of the current problems and dire situation facing Ethiopia demand from us to narrow our differences and confidently work together towards an all- inclusive, realistic and lasting solution.

  1. Gross violations of Human Rights- The TPLF/EPRDF’s reign has been marred by gross violations of all sorts of individual and collective rights of peoples in Ethiopia. The regime went to the extent of large- scale violation of human rights (genocide) which is equivalent to crime of violence against humanity. Through its politically motivated and extremely weak judiciary system, the regime harasses and intimidates opposition leaders and their members, journalists and the public at large.

  1. Delusion of the democratization process in Ethiopia-The world’s understanding of the democratisation process in Ethiopia is delusional. The regime was erroneously seen as ‘democratic government’ despite the fact that its brutality and dictatorial nature was revealed in several occasions since it came to power. The endorsements of elections of 1995, 2000 and 2005 by external players validated the regime’s electoral authoritarianism. However, the fake democracy was left naked when the regime declared its landslide bogus victory with 99.6 % during 2010 and 100 % during 2015 elections respectively. The Oromia-wide anti-government protest culminated just months after the regime declared of its last victory and progressed throughout Ethiopia to date wholly disproving the regime’s claims. The TPLF/EPRDF has totally restricted political space and repeatedly employed draconian legislations to legitimise its crack down on political opponents, civic society organizations, and independent media utterly crippling the process of democratization in Ethiopia.

  1. Artificial conflicts among peoples as a means of Governance-the EPRDF employs divide and conquer governance policy by instigating chains of artificially orchestrated conflicts between peacefully coexisting nations and peoples in Ethiopia. Moreover, the regime went to the extent of recruiting, training, and arming militias of one ethnic group to wage war on its neighbours and maim unarmed civilians in various regions. The recent example is TPLF instigated conflict between Somali Ogaden and Oromos that cost the lives of hundreds of civilians on both sides and displaced about a million people from their homes and properties. Such maliciously masterminded conflicts by TPLF/EPRDF are rampaging the entire country as we speak.

  1. Reckless land grab and displacements of peoples-The huge land grab to lease to rich countries and wealthy individuals, who often export their produces to their own respective countries, whilst nearly 8 million people exposed to famine. This clearly indicates that, the regime has no consideration and accountability to the Ethiopia people, rather only cares for its corrupt officials and defends its interests at the expense of the majority.

  1. Lack of Environmental protection- The environmental cost of leasing out land to foreign investors, without appropriate frame on environmental protection, shows the regime’s recklessness. Ample evidences indicate that, there are countless numbers of natural species going extinct since the TPLF/EPRDF assumed power in 1991. Contamination of soil and water emanating from the reckless use of dangerous chemicals on the factories; careless use of pesticides by the investors, and deliberate burning of vast forests with hundreds of indigenous trees by TPLF/EPRDF agents are leaving rural communities and their animals at serious health risk.

  1. Continuous military response to peoples’ peaceful quests-The TPLF/EPRDF regime has increasingly resorted to responding to the peaceful quests of peoples for freedom and democracy with military solutions. It had declared a state of emergency (SoE) in October 2016 and series of SoEs since then and mounted massive military operations in various regions, using various excuses to massacre unarmed civilians, concomitantly burning their villages in many parts of the country on ongoing basis.

  1. Monopolising political and economic power by TPLF-In the current one-party political authoritarianism, the political and economic powers are intertwined and monopolised by the regime. TPLF- owned enterprises, endowment funds, army and security apparatuses are not protecting the people but are loyal to TPLF/EPRDF regime and corrupted officials. The TPLF owned ‘Endowment Fund for Rehabilitation of Tigray (EFFORT)’, the largest company in Africa, has monopolised all business from little to large; crippled private enterprises and exploited the entire country.

  1. The regime’s inability to withstand popular revolution- The regime is unable to endure the non-violent and peaceful protests that erupted primarily in Oromia followed by the second largest nation, the Amhara and extended to other regions shaking the regime. Currently, Ethiopia is a country of uncertainty where social and political tension dictates all aspects of peoples’ life. These affect not only Ethiopia but also other nations of the horn of Africa.

  1. Widespread instability in the country– It is recognized that the democratic process initiated in 1991 in Ethiopia has failed to advance to lasting peace and stability. The instability would not only become cataclysmic to Ethiopia, but may also engulf the horn of Africa. Resolving inter-state and intra-state political tensions on time; promoting democracy and equality and robust policy on reducing poverty and creating favourable conditions for economic prosperity will be critical for region’s stability and defeating terrorism in the region.

 

Purpose

This MoU stressed the severity of the situation in Ethiopia and established workable framework for resolving the current crises in unison sooner than later. The key objectives of the conference were bringing together all opposition groups of Ethiopia irrespective of their political and ideological differences and openly discuss on dire situation to identify the underlying causes for unfolding tragedies in Ethiopia and devise a realistic strategy to remove the cause and devise lasting peace and stability in the country.

 

Planned Activities

This conference set in motion a process of genuine democratization to resolve the current crisis in Ethiopia through the following mechanisms and activities:

  1. Unconditionally work together with determination and dedication during the pre and post TPLF/EPRDF regime.

  1. Urge the Ethiopian peoples and political forces within the country and in the Diaspora to actively participate in peacefully resolving the current crisis in Ethiopia.

  1. Conduct a similar all-inclusive National Conference on peace and democracy within the shortest time scale possible.

  1. Call upon all friends of the peoples of Ethiopia and the international community to support this initiative to bring about lasting peace by resolving outstanding political issues and enduring and genuine democracy to the country.

  1. Prepare a comprehensive all-inclusive roadmap for a Transitional arrangement- based on negotiations and agreement reached upon with all political forces of Ethiopia during its forthcoming all-inclusive international conference/s.

  1. Facilitate all-inclusive transitional Conference in Ethiopia and work in unison a programme of transition and establish an all-inclusive transitional post-TPLF/EPRDF government.

  1. Unconditionally respect and uphold all fundamental human rights including individual, collective and the rights to self-determination.

  1. Build the necessary institutions for democratic transition including non-partisan electoral board.

  1. Honour and respect the souls of all peoples murdered by the TPLF/EPRDF’s barbaric regime in the past 27 years in Ethiopia whilst seeking justice.

  1. Create an independent truth and reconciliation commission in Ethiopia.

  1. Create a non-discriminatory legislative framework against nations and peoples in Ethiopia that is based on categories such as their numbers, identity, culture, religion, gender, and skin colour.

The conference has established a Coordinating Committee and its Executive comprising high level representatives from the participating political forces to liaise and follow-up the process of convening the next conference/s and establishing the support of the peoples in Ethiopia and the international community.

The political forces Ethiopia that participated in this conference call on all other Ethiopian political organisations, stakeholders and civil organisation both at home and abroad to set aside minor differences and unite against the TPLF regime; support the struggle at home, work to create an all-inclusive transitional government which will facilitates the creation of non-partisan institutions that can ultimately establish a democratic arrangement in Ethiopia.

Finally, the conference participants express their profound appreciation and gratitude to PAFD for initiating, coordinating and delivering this international conference thereby enabling us all to come together and agree to work together to find a proper cure for the ongoing malignancy in the country. We also fully endorse and appreciate the USA’s legislative body for crafting HR128 on behalf of the peoples of Ethiopia.

 

Duration

This MOU shall be effective as of 25th February 2018 and will remain in effect until amended or repealed through a consensus of the organization representatives in the Co-coordinating committee and it may be made at any regular meeting, or at special meeting called for this purpose, provided by a written notice of the chairman of the intended Organization for a change. The intention of the meeting and proposed amendments are conveyed to all member organizations two weeks in advance through the Chairperson of Co-coordinating/Executive Committee.

 

List of organizations

 

Name of the organization            Representative

 

Name                                          Signature

  1. Afar Liberation Front Party (ALFP) : Mr Ahmed Humed

  2. Gambella Nilotes United Movement (GNUM) : Mr. Ojulu Cham

  3. Oromo Parliamentarian council (OPC): Dr. Getachew Jigi

  4. Shekacho People’s Movement for Democracy and Social Justice (SPMDSJ) Dr. Achame Shana

  5. Tatek Movement for Freedom, Democracy and Unity of Ethiopia (Tatek Ethiopia): Mr. Yosias Tadesse Negash

  6. People’s Alliance For Freedom and Democracy (PAFD): Dr.Shigut Geleta

  7. Benishangul People’s Liberation Movement (BPLM): Mr. Mohammed Ahmed

  8. Gambella Peoples Liberation Movement (GPLM): Mr. Oman Goran

  9. Ogaden National Liberation Front (ONLF) Mr. Hassan Moalin

  10. Oromo Liberation Front (OLF): Mr. Oda Xase

  11. Sidama National Liberation Front (SNLF) Mr. Danboba Natie

The International Conference in the Current Crisis in Ethiopia, to explore a Realistic Alternatives.

The End of Deliberation!

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Independent Biyyaa Oromoo

 

Meroitic / Oromo Ethiopian Continuity: Call for a Research Project

(Oromo Studies Association, 2005 Conference Proceedings, Washington D.C.) in: The Journal of Oromo Studies, vol. 14 no 1 (February/March 2007), p. 7 – 34

http://oromostudies.org/OSA-USER-FOLDER/josfiles/JOS%20volume%2014%20Number%201%20(2007).pdf

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